Missouri Valley, IA: Offutt Air Force Base Atlas “D” Missile Site 3

Formerly Used Defense Sites (FUDS) Program

Published April 17, 2015
Former Offutt Air Force Base Atlas “D” Missile
Site 2 (OAFB-2), Nebraska
Formerly Used Defense Sites (FUDS) Program

Former Offutt Air Force Base Atlas “D” Missile Site 2 (OAFB-2), Nebraska Formerly Used Defense Sites (FUDS) Program

Location and Description: The former Offutt Air Force Base, Missile Site 3 is located five miles southeast of the city of Missouri Valley, Iowa. It was one of three Offutt Air Force Base missile sites that, from its acquisition in 1958-1959 until it was declared surplus in 1965, was used for the maintenance, storage, and potential launch of Atlas “D” intercontinental ballistic missiles. 

The site structures included, but were not limited to, three launch and service buildings, a launch operations building, a power plant and pumphouse, two remote rate stations, a microwave building, two well pump houses, a vehicle storage building, two storage magazines, access and patrol roads, sewage disposal lagoon, and security fence. 

The U.S. Government originally acquired the 288-acre property by fee title and 178 acres through easements in 1958-1959 for establishment of Site 3. As the Atlas “D” missile was phased out and made obsolete, the missile complex was determined to be excess to the Air Force mission requirements. The site was reported to the General Services Administration (GSA) as excess real property in May 1965. 

In August of 1967, the 288 acres of fee land were withdrawn from excess and transferred to the jurisdiction and control of the Department of the Army. In turn, the Department of the Army re-designated the installation as the Missouri Valley National Guard Facility. A license was issued for a period of five years ending in August of 1972 for use by the Iowa National Guard. Also, three leases were granted to individuals for cattle grazing purposes. 

In August of 1969, the license was terminated because the state no longer had a need for the facility. In April 1970, the property was again reported as excess to the GSA. In November 1971, the property was conveyed by the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare to the Iowa Western Community College by quitclaim deed. The property was to be used for educational purposes for 30 years. The only beneficial use was limited to providing grazing land to tenant farmers. 

Structures remaining onsite after the site was excessed included steel and concrete remnants of the former launch service buildings, launch operations building, power plant and pumphouse, seven smaller masonry and concrete buildings, and one metal-sided building. Demolition and debris removal of all abandoned structures and buildings was completed in the late 1980s. Demolition material was disposed of through onsite burial. Site 3 is now being developed for residential housing. The remedial investigation activities are being conducted by district/inhouse crews. 

Activities for 2015: Conduct geophysical investigation and submit a report. Complete and submit the Uniform Federal Policy for Quality Assurance Project Plans (UFP-QAPP)/work plans for the remedial investigation activities to Iowa Department of Natural Resources (IDNR) for review and comment. Conduct field investigations. Interpret analytical data and prepare analytical report.